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Open Access Review

Predictive research methods of enamel and dentine for initial caries detection

Anatoly A Kunin, Irina A Belenova, Yury A Ippolitov, Natalia S Moiseeva* and Dmitry A Kunin

Author Affiliations

Therapeutic Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical Academy, Avenue of Revolution Str. 14, Voronezh, Russia

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EPMA Journal 2013, 4:19  doi:10.1186/1878-5085-4-19

Published: 26 June 2013

Abstract

Currently, various research methods of enamel and dentine for precautionary diagnostics of initial caries forms are developed; however, the vast majority of these do not provide objective criteria of caries diagnostics or are very difficult to perform. Therefore, the search of diagnostics and enamel research methods, which will allow predicting caries emergence and to carry out personalised prevention of this pathology, is necessary. In this review, modern diagnostic methods that allow understanding the main aspects of caries process, assess the risk of its development, and also suggest the possibility of emergency prevention of caries progression in the nearest future are presented.

Keywords:
Predictive Diagnosis; Initial Caries; Individual Prevention; Light-Induced Fluorescence; Electrometry